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  • Gender Research Roundtable Archive

    Spring 2010

    Wed Feb 3, Noon, CBC-B225A

    Shannon Monnat, The Role of Race and Residence on Cancer Screenings among Women

    Despite a focus in the literature on racial disparities in self-reported health, mortality,
    and disease prevalence, very little prior research has examined the impacts of race and residential context on cancer screenings among women. This research uses nationally representative individual- and county-level data and a multilevel statistical research design to examine the impact of race on women’s odds of receiving routine cancer screenings, including screenings for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer. The extent to which racial disparities in screenings are mediated or exacerbated by community-level characteristics (socioeconomic, demographic, and other indicators) is examined.

    Shannon M. Monnat is an Assistant Professor of Sociology. Her current research interests include examining the role of race and residence on health status, chronic disease prevalence, cancer screenings, and co-occurring physical and mental health disorders.Wed Mar 3, Noon, CBC-B225A

    Wed Mar 3, Noon, CBC-B225A

    Marcel Nzeukou, Beyond Discrimination: Detecting Subtle Gender Discrimination in Faculty Salaries

    Countless valid statistical studies of faculty salary equity studies show no systematic gender bias in many institutions of higher education. Yet, many female faculty members continue to believe they are underpaid compared to males at these institutions. The case study of a large research 1 university led to the development of a new methodology to detect what I call “Subtle Salary Discrimination” and a new definition of gender salary inequity.  Dr. Nzeukou will focus his discussion on the findings and the policy implications for introducing salary equity procedures to effectively monitor equitable compensation for all.

    Dr. Nzeukou is a statistician-economist in charge of statistical and policy analysis in Institutional Analysis and Planning within the Provost Office at UNLV.  His research interest is to apply classical statistical and econometrics techniques, or develop new ones to uncover hidden information in complex data sets for a better decision support system.

     

    Wed Apr 7, Noon, CBC-B225A

    Kate Wintrol , Medieval Empowerment: Female Mystics in the Middle Ages

    Although Christian tradition assigned sharply defined roles to women, the medieval nun often attained a high level of achievement and authority. Within the convent, women had the opportunity to learn Latin, to study both classical and religious literature, perform administrative duties, and lead a valued life of prayer. The monastic environment also nurtured the writings of female mystics. Throughout the Middle Ages, several visionary women transgressed gender boundaries. In this talk, I will analyze the life and writings of such medieval mystics as Hildegard of Bingen, Catherine of Siena, and Julian of Norwich and address the factors that enabled female mystics to succeed in such a restricted environment.

    Kate Wintrol is an Instruction Librarian for UNLV Libraries with an MA in European history and has taught classes for both the UNLV History Department and the Honors College.

     

    Fall 2008

    Tuesday, October 7, 11:30-12:30, SU Room 209

    Christie D. Batson, “Immigrant Occupational and Economic Incorporation in the Hotel and Resort Industry of Las Vegas,”

    The hotel and resort industry of Las Vegas, which is home to 17 of the 20 largest hotels in the United States, provides a unique opportunity to examine low-wage service-industry workers in a city where economic restructuring has coincided with metropolitan population growth and immigrant growth. Using census data from 1980 and 2000, I describe the economic and occupational trends over time of Hispanic maids and housekeepers in the Las Vegas metropolitan area.  Results indicate that the hotel and resort industry in Las Vegas appear to contribute to the occupational and economic mobility and assimilation of Hispanic women over time.  However, my findings indicate that foreign-born women experience less mobility than their native-born counterparts.  Consistent with the growth patterns of metropolitan Las Vegas over the last thirty years, the relationship between the hotel and resort industry and immigrant growth is pronounced.  Implications for immigrant incorporation, immigrant economies, and migration networks are discussed.

     

    Tuesday, October 28, 6 p.m., Marjorie Barrick Auditorium

    Ruby Duncan, “A Conversation With Ruby Duncan”

    Ruby Duncan has dedicated her life to improving opportunities for the poor of Las Vegas, especially women and children. She came to Las Vegas in 1952, but she grew up working on the Ivory Plantation in Louisiana chopping cotton. In Las Vegas, she worked as a housekeeper and a cook until an injury left her unable to work. Divorced and the sole support of six children, she turned to welfare.

    When Nevada cut 75 percent of welfare assistance in 1971, Duncan turned to activism. She organized welfare rights demonstrations, eat-ins, and eventually two large marches on the Las Vegas Strip. She became a recognized leader of the African American community. In 1972, she founded Operation Life, a community-run organization, which brought much needed services to West Las Vegas including a medical clinic, library, economic development, housing, day care, education, and job training. Ms. Duncan and her co-workers were the subject of Dartmouth College professor Annelise Orleck’s book Storming Caesars Palace: How black mothers fought their own war on poverty.

    Ruby Duncan has received many local and national awards for her continued dedication to women’s and children’s rights, including the 2008 Margaret Chase Smith Award from the National Association of Secretaries of State. The award is presented to candidates who show “political courage and selfless action in the realm of public service.”

    Co-sponsored by the Women’s Research Institute of Nevada and the Women’s Studies Department.

     

    Wednesday, November 5, Noon- 1:00, William S. Boyd School of Law, Room 117

    Bargaining and State Policy: The Implications of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act and for Women Sex Workers,” S. Charusheela, Interim Chair, Women’s Studies Department, Crystal Jackson and Suzanne Becker, Doctoral students in Sociology

    Feminist economists have developed a ‘bargaining’ framework for exploring women’s social, political, and economic bargaining power. This framework addresses questions of bargaining beyond the narrow focus on the household and raises issues of women’s bargaining power with regard to the market, community, and state. We add to this literature by extending the bargaining approach to another contested area: sex in the market. Specifically, we use the bargaining approach to examine the relationship between prostitution, labor conditions and state policies under the federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act.

     

    Tuesday, November 18, Noon- 1:00, CBC B 225 A

    Marcia M. Gallo, History, “When is a sex crime more than a sex crime? Catherine “Kitty” Genovese and the Construction of the Perfect Female Victim”

    The name “Kitty Genovese” is well known to people all over the world despite the nearly 45 years that have passed since her death. From recent participants in Psychology 101 classes who learn about her through studying the “bystander syndrome,” to aging Baby Boomers who recall her pale face and piercing dark eyes peering from the pages of their local newspaper, her name is synonymous with social indifference in the face of danger.  However, very little is known about Kitty Genovese other than that she was brutally assaulted – stabbed repeatedly after an attempted rape – on a New York street in March 1964 while 38 neighbors who reportedly heard her cries or witnessed the attacks did nothing to intervene.

    What often is missing from the story is the woman herself.  Much like the chalk outline of the victim left on the street where a crime has been committed, the substance of Kitty Genovese’s life often is absent when her name is invoked. Instead, she has been made into an iconic figure of urban apathy and social decay, a stark reminder – especially for women – of the limits of personal freedom. It is time to fill in the blanks.

    The discussion will focus on Gallo’s research into the complicated person that Catherine “Kitty” Genovese had become in her 28 years of life: her background and interests, the passions and pleasures she experienced as a young, independent woman living in New York in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The presentation will explore the reasons why the details of her life have been either minimized or eliminated in the many stories told about her death, then and now.

     

    Spring 2007

    Wednesday, February 7, Noon- 1:30, MSU Room 213

    Vicky Albert, School of Social Work, “Time Limits and Welfare Reform in Nevada: Its Consequences for Families with Children”

    Key findings from two studies will be presented. The first set of findings will discuss how welfare returns play out over time after families leave welfare for a “sit-out” period of 12 months in response to the temporary time limit requirement in Nevada. The second set of findings will discuss child welfare involvement among welfare families who were facing temporary time limits in the wake of welfare reform in Nevada.

     

    Wednesday, February 21, Noon- 1:30, MSU Room 218

    Michelle Tusan, History Department, “Whatever Happened to First Wave Feminism? A Reconsideration of the British Case”

    Scholars have viewed the fragmentation of first wave feminism as a result of women winning the vote after WWI. This talk explores the role of imperialism in the making and unmaking of the British feminist movement during the 1920s and 1930s.

     

    Wednesday, March 7, Noon- 1:30, MSU Room 219

    Caryll Batt Dziedziak, ABD History Department, “The Equal Rights Amendment Campaign in Nevada”

    As one of Nevada’s most contentious campaigns of the 1970s, the ERA ratification was debated in three legislative sessions before suffering a resounding defeat in a 1978 referendum. This presentation will explore how Nevada found itself on the national stage as one of the last three states needed for the ERA’s ratification, how Pro-ERA and Anti-ERA groups organized in Nevada, and what factors led to its ultimate defeat.

     

    Wednesday, April 11, Noon- 1:30, MSU Room 207

    Carolyn E. McCarroll, School of Nursing and Director, Center for Excellence in Women’s Health, “The Meaning of the Cancer Experience for the Nurses Who Care for Women”

    Professor McCarroll will discuss findings from her current research project on nurse caregivers to female cancer patients.

     

    Fall 2006

    Wednesday October 11, 2006 , Noon- 1:30, MSU Room 211

    Dr. Lois Helmbold (Chair, Women’s Studies), “Making Choices, Making Do: Survival Strategies of Black/White Working Class Women During the Great Depression”

    Based on interviews with almost 1,500 urban women as well as approximately eight hundred letters written to New Dealers by domestic workers, Dr. Helmbold analyzes waged and unwaged labor, contrasting survival strategies across race, age, and marital status. She will pose questions about black and white working class women’s practices and understandings of themselves and one another.  She will explore their commonalities and differences, in a context of white supremacy.  The study will examine job competition in the range of working class jobs labeled “female” across racial lines. Dr. Helmbold will compare unwaged labor in their homes and with families, as well as unwaged labor to secure benefits from the relief system.  She believes that comparative analysis best serves the project of understanding how race, class and gender simultaneously create possibilities and limits in women’s lives.

     

    Wednesday, November 15, 2006, Noon- 1:30, MSU Room 211

    Dr. Farrokh Saba (Department of Mathematical Sciences), “Women in Mathematics: Struggle and Achievements”

    Historical struggle of women in mathematics and their achievements will be presented. The barriers that women faced for the past centuries will be discussed.  Finally, lives of a few notable women in mathematics and their contributions to the development of mathematics will be mentioned.

     

    Spring 2006

    Wednesday Feb. 1, 2006,  Noon-1:30

    Professors Jennifer Keene and Anastasia Prokos (Sociology), “Gender and Employer-Provided Health Insurance.”

    The population of uninsured Americans has grown steadily in recent decades and this trend has impacted women and men workers differently. In this exploratory study we examine how family life and employment factors jointly relate to take-ups of employer provided health insurance. We use data from a large national survey and find that employer contributions to health insurance premiums and parental status influence workers’ decisions to take insurance when offered. Further, employer contributions matter more for men than for women because when employers do not contribute to insurance premiums men are less likely than women to take-up their insurance benefits.  Additionally, we discuss other issues related to employer provided health insurance and their implications.

     

    Wedesday April 5, 2006 12:15-1:45 Boyd 117

    Professor Ann McGinley (Law), “Customer Harassment: Masculinities in Highly Sexualized Environments.”

    Using a case study of customer harassment of blackjack dealers at the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, McGinley’s case study considers the conditions under which an employer should be liable to an employee for sexual harassment by customers in working environments that are highly sexualized. The study considers other workers including casino cocktail waitresses, exotic dancers and brothel prostitutes.

     

    Wednesday April 26, 2006 Noon-1:30 MSU 201

    Claytee D. White (Director, Oral History Research Center at UNLV), “More Than Eight Dollars a Day: Black Women Beyond the Back-Of-The-House of the Las Vegas Strip.”

    The migration of blacks between World War II through the mid-1960s brought workers to Las Vegas that supported the gaming industry by carrying luggage, cleaning hotel rooms, and entertaining in posh Strip lounges. Gradually, civil rights legislation and consent decrees expanded jobs into other areas of the industry such as mid-level managers, dancers, and cocktail servers. The period also saw tremendous community building as the number of black schoolteachers and other professionals increased, organizations and social clubs formed, and a Westside minister’s wife began a society column in the Review Journal Newspaper. The better jobs, along with their prestige, increased as the black community climbed onto the integrated playing field of the Las Vegas Strip.

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